Otoplastia, malformación de orejas

Frequently Asked Questions about Ear Reconstruction -FAQS

Otoplastia, malformación de orejas

What is ear reconstruction?

It is the set of surgical procedures or not, that we have to use to repair a damaged ear. The reconstruction is done using the patient’s own tissue or by means of implants.
Ears can be reconstructed for the following reasons.
Congenital malformations such as microtia
Acquired deformities due to: trauma, tumours and/or burns.

What is microtia?

The microtic ear or micrótia is the one that presents a size much smaller than normal. It is a congenital malformation related to an incomplete development of the ear in the fetal stage that occurs uni or bilaterally. When the case is more severe, the total absence may occur and is known as anothy. They are often associated with inner ear problems. It is always advisable to consult an otolaryngologist to rule out any hearing problems.

At what age can micron ear correction surgery be performed?

Many of the patients with micrótia present psychological and emotional alterations and at the same time it is known that the malformations tend to provoke rejection of their social group. To avoid this is why we suggest, in Clinica Sanza, that the surgery be performed in the school age between 7 and 8 years when the development of the ear has reached 85% approximately. Reconstruction due to acquired deformities can be performed whenever the patient wishes, as long as the patient is not less than 8 years old.

What are the methods of ear reconstruction?

It can be done in three ways:

  • Replacement with prosthesis.
  • Reconstruction with a prosthetic frame.
  • Reconstruction with autologous cartilage frame.

What type of anesthesia is used in ear reconstruction?

Ear reconstruction surgery may be performed, depending on the case, under local anesthesia and sedation or under general anesthesia. The important thing is that the patient is calm and not perceive any painful stimulus.

How long does the procedure take?

The duration is very variable depending on the aetiology of the malformation and the complexity between 1 and 3 hours. In many of the severe cases it is necessary to perform the reconstruction in several stages.

What is the post-operative care?

Postoperative care is essential for the successful reconstruction of the auricle. Much of the success of any surgery depends on postoperative care, this recommendation applies particularly to children to avoid complications. The newly constructed ear is permanently observed by the surgeon to prevent the development of signs of infection or vascular compromise.
In any case, the patient receives antibiotic medication to prevent this eventuality.

Can perfect symmetry be achieved?

When it happens in both ears the reconstruction is more tedious but the result of symmetry is better. When it only happens in one ear it is necessary to make small retouches to match the affected ear more and more to the healthy contralateral ear.

>> Consult the 15 most frequently asked questions (FAQS) about surgery that our clients usually ask us