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Rhinoplasty, nose surgery


The rhinoplasty performed in Clínica Sanza in Barcelona is a surgical procedure that aims to harmonize the nose with the other facial structures such as the chin, the malar area, the eyes and even the body and essence of the person.

Nowadays, cosmetic surgery no longer looks to follow a particular pattern for all noses, nor that they all look the same. This was in the past, currently, successful rhinoplasty is the one that gives the whole face a profile and an aesthetically suitable projection.

As the nose is at the center of the face and the most prominent feature, even a small well done change, can massively improve the appearance and facial aesthetics.

Clínica Sanza in Barcelona, Spain, is a centre of reference for rhinoplasty surgeries.

Rinoplastia, cirugía de la nariz

Initial Considerations

It is important to consider the patient’s age, and it is not advisable to perform cosmetic rhinoplasty until the nasal bone has completely grown. This occurs around 14 or 15 years old for women, for men slightly older.

In addition to this, we must consider realistic expectations of the nose that everyone already has, because being such an important facial feature, it may completely change the facial appearance. An exaggerated change is not recommended unless the patient desires to.

What can a Rhinoplasty surgery do for me?

There are certain features of the nose that are usually uncomfortable for many patients and can be easily corrected by a qualified plastic surgeon.

Some of the most common cases of uncomfortable features of the nose are: the bone hump, which is the bone that protrudes from the back of the nose, nasal deviations to the right or left of the nose, broad nasal tip, fallen or flat nose, congenital malformations such as cleft lip sequelae and palate; and injuries that alter in any way the physiognomy of the nose.

In all these cases, a rhinoplasty surgery can correct or improve the aesthetic appearance of unattractive features, either with a simple rhinoplasty or a complete rhinoplasty, depending on the severity of the case and the desired results.


Depending on each individual case, there are two types of rhinoplasty:

Simple Rhinoplasty

 Usually the most commonly used technique at Clinica Sanza (used in 80% of cases) offers a great advantage: there is no visible scaring. You only work on the cartilage, septum or the nostrils, so that this intervention does not involve external incisions, and it’s much more comfortable for the patient long term. Prices are cheaper and the postoperative is faster.

This can be done under local anesthesia or sedation on an outpatient basis. It is about improving small details of the partition, back, wide tip or fall; small details that, to fix them, turns a nose with annoying traits into a beautiful and harmonious nose with the face and the personality of the patient.



Complete Rhinoplasty

It is a more laborious intervention than the simple rhinoplasty, it is used for more complex cases, particularly for large defects of the tip or secondary rhinoplasties. Here you can access the structures of the nose through a small incision at the base of the columella. With this incision the full anatomy of the area, allows us to cut and shape the cartilage of the nasal tip setting up a new structure. We also use a complete rhinoplasty for those who also have respiratory distress.

This procedure can be done under general anesthesia or under local anesthesia with sedation.

Rhinoplasty not always has to be reductive, sometimes it can be advisable to increase its size to give more prominence to the tip, to lift the back or to correct congenital or traumatic deformities. In such cases, it may be necessary to place tissue grafts taken from the patient or a nasal prosthesis to form or support the nose.

A rhinoplasty (used to correct or improve aesthetical aspects of the nose) should not be mistaken with a septoplasty. This last procedure is used to improve the non-aesthetical respiratory function of the nose. If you have any doubts, don’t miss the below article in which all of the nasal surgeries and treatments are explained in full detail.

Click here to see the article with the differences between rhinoplasty and septoplasty.


People that present physical nose alterations, often complex, such as, a nose that is too prominent or too flat that can sometimes cause breathing difficulties.


Each rhinoplasty is different and should be evaluated in all its structures. The most common approach is what is known as “closed rhinoplasty”, although “open rhinoplasty” is becoming increasingly common.

Closed rhinoplasty is practiced with an incision in the interior of the nose, in such a way that no visible external scar is visible. By these incisions the surgeon can carve and model the bones and cartilage of the nose, providing a new structure.

For more complex cases, particularly for large tip deformities, the so-called open rhinoplasty is the used technique. With this, the structures of the nose are accessed through a minimal incision at the base of the columella. This incision exposes the entire anatomy of the area, which allows us to carve and shape the cartilage of the tip of the nose more precisely by configuring the new nasal structure.


  • From 2 to 3 hours.



  • Area evaluation to determine appropriateness of the treatment.
  • Follow specific guidelines as determined by the doctor.
  • Analytics and tests on cardiac and respiratory status


  • Local and sedation, or general


  • Ambulatory or 24-hour admission.


  • Simple rhinoplasty does not require nasal plugs or nasal splint.
  • Nasal plugs and protective splint for a complete rhinoplasty.
  • Removal of nasal plugs between 24h and 48h.
  • Removal of nasal splint at 7 or 10 days.
  • Discomfort with the nasal plugs and the splint, usually without pain.
  • Medication if required.
  • Mandatory revisions after a few days, a few weeks and a few months, according to prescription.


  • You can keep on going with your life as usual, but with a splint and possible periorbicular bruises that disappear in one or two weeks.
  • Try not to be at risk of impacts during one or two months.


  • Aesthetic changes that are visible from the first instant.
  • Definitive aspect is visible from the first to the third month of the intervention.
  • Rejuvenated appearance.
  • There is a clear psychological improvement related to the self-esteem and profile the patient has.


  • Simple to medium intervention.


  • Low.
  • Common risks the intervention can have: small asymmetries that require a nasal retouch.
  • Risks of the whole intervention: hemorrhage, infection, impaired healing.


Every nose is different and gives a personality to each face. If you think your nose is unattractive or there are aspects of it that you would like to improve, Clínica Sanza advises a visit to your plastic surgeon to assess your particular case and thus to assess what kind of rhinoplasty and surgical approach will be best for you.

Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure with excellent results, which may be seen soon after surgery and also bring great satisfaction and improve self-esteem and self-image of many people.

Dr. Sanza helps many people feel good, not only outside but also inside. A good image or the desired image allows you to achieve happiness.


You can click on a photo to enlarge it.

VIDEO: Interview in Catalan of Dr Sanza in Onda Rambla – Punto Radio

Whatever your case may be, do not hesitate in contacting us.
Clínica Sanza in Barcelona, Spain, quality service

Frequently asked questions about nose surgery (Rhinoplasty)

When will I see a definitive result after a Rhinoplasty?

There are many factors that influence, the type of surgery, the patient’s own characteristics, previous interventions, etc. In a general way in 15 to 21 days you can already see some approximate results, but usually is until the third month until the result is more or less definitive. However, the nose may undergo small changes for up to a year.

At what age can I have a Rhinoplasty?

It is not advisable to operate on any patient until they have completed their natural growth process. In girls this is usually given at 14 or 15 years old, in boys it is usually until 18, so in general terms we do not recommend carrying out this type of intervention until after adolescence.

Can nose deviation and shortness of breath be corrected in the same surgery?

Yes, it is very frequent to see patients who breathe badly because they have some degree of septal deviation that affects the correct flow of air inside the nose. Correcting this deviation or obstruction improves appearance and restores respiratory function. That is to say, we correct the aesthetic and functional part.

What type of anesthesia is used in Rhinoplasty?

It depends on the type of intervention we have to carry out. If it’s just the cartilage (tip of the nose) to be corrected, it can be perfectly done with local anesthesia and a small sedation. In cases in which we have to carry out corrections of the septum or osteothomies it is essential to perform it under general anesthesia.

Should I stay in the hospital after a Rhinoplasty?

The intervention itself does not require overnight, but we must distinguish whether we perform a simple (cartilage) or a complete (bone+cartilage) rhinoplasty. In the first case it is ambulatory and in the second case it may be necessary to spend 24 hours of hospitalization, specially due to the residual anaesthesia effects, more than because of the procedure itself.

Do I have to wear nasal plugs?

Nasal plugs are not always necessary, only when the nasal septum is modified. If required, they will be removed the day after surgery, or if you don’t bleed within 48 hours.

Do I have to wear a cast or splint after a rhinoplasty?

Not all nose interventions require the use of a cast or splint, only in cases of osteotomies, and it has to be used normally for one week. In other cases it is possible to use a support splint for one to 5 days, depending on the inflammation.

What exams do I need before performing a Rhinoplasty?

If we speak of a simple procedure with local anesthesia, only a complete analysis is required. In the case of more complex procedures under sedation or general anesthesia, though, we will add a chest x-ray and an electrocardiogram.

How long does the intervention last and what is it like?

1 or 2 hours approximately. Aesthetic rhinoplasty consists of modifying the shape of the nose through small incisions or openings that are made inside the nose, or at the base of it in such a way that there is no external scar or it is practically imperceptible.

When can I go back to work?

It depends on the surgery and the type of activity you do. In cases that do not involve more physical exercise can return to normal work after 3 days, but it should be noted that for this time there may still be inflammation and some bruising in the area of the nose and eyelids. Usually after 7-10 days there are no signs of the intervention and after one month intense physical exercise and sport can be carried out.

Does it hurt?

There is a legend that rhinoplasty, both simple and complete, is very painful, but that’s just not true. It doesn’t hurt a bit. Only if you touch the nose you’ll feel the pain, but generally there’s no need to take any painkillers.

If I don’t like it, can I rectify it?

Yes, of course you can. You must feel well with yourself. But it cannot be touched up until at least 6 months after the surgery.

Is it always the same shape, when it comes to nose surgery?

Not at all. Many years ago, it was the same procedure for all nose jobs, but nowadays you can choose the way you want it done.